CUYAMA OAKS XP
3-Day 55/30,50/25 and 50/25 Mile Pioneer AERC
March 21,22,23,2014 Fri-Sat-Sun
THIS IS THE 13th YEAR OF OUR POPULAR RIDE IN NEW CUYAMA,LOCATED IN THE GRASSLANDS AND OAK COVERED FOOTHILLS BETWEEN SANTA MARIA AND BAKERSFIELD. THE WILDFLOWERS AND SPRING GRASSES ARE BLOOMING AND THIS RIDE WILL GIVE THE DUCK A REASON TO SPEND THE WINTER IN THE PROMISED LAND WORKING ON THE RIDE. THIS RIDE WILL DEFINITELY HAVE THE FLAVOR OF THE XP RIDES AND THOSE EXPECTING A TYPICAL CALIFORNIA RIDE WILL BE VERY DISAPPOINTED AND SHOULD FIND SOMETHING ELSE TO DO FOR THE WEEK THIS RIDE IS A WORK IN PROGRESS AND YOU SHOULD CHECK WITH RIDE MANAGEMENT FOR LAST MINUTE UPDATES AS WE GET CLOSER TO THE RIDE DATE.
BASE CAMP:THE RIDE WILL START IN SCHOOLHOUSE CANYON ON PRIVATE LAND AT THE 2300 FOOT LEVEL. ALL THE DAYS ARE LOOP RIDES OUT OF THE SAME CAMP. THE CAMP IS PRIMITIVE AND HAS NO FACILITIES OTHER THAN LIMITED HORSE WATER. PLEASE BRING AS MUCH WATER ON YOUR OWN AS YOU CAN. ANNIE WILL PROVIDE EVENING MEALS FOR THOSE WHO RESERVE AND PAY FOR THEM IN ADVANCE. NEW CUYAMA HAS A GAS STATION,RESTAURANT AND STORE. THOSE COMING FROM THE EAST WILL GO 9.3 MILES WEST OF NEW CUYAMA ON HWY 166 TO THE GREEN GATE ON THE SOUTH (LEFT) SIDE OF THE ROAD. USE YOUR ODOMETER SINCE THERE ARE GATES WITHIN 1000 FEET EITHER SIDE OF THE CORRECT GATE. THOSE COMING FROM PCH (101) WILL HEAD EAST ON 166 TO THE GREEN GATE. ABOUT 16 MILES WEST OF NEW CUYAMA YOU WILL CROSS THE CUYAMA RIVER AND THEN COTTONWOOD ROAD. RESET YOUR ODOMETER HERE AT COTTONWOOD RD. THE GREEN GATE IS 3.4 MILES EAST OF COTTONWOOD ROAD ON THE SOUTH (RIGHT) SIDE OF THE HIGHWAY. CLOSE AND LOCK THE GREEN GATE (COMBINATION WILL BE SENT IN AN EMAIL TO THE RIDERS) AFTER YOU GO THROUGH IT AND THEN DRIVE 3 MILES SOUTH ON A DIRT ROAD TO THE CAMP. ABOUT A MILE UP THE DIRT ROAD YOU WILL CROSS A DRY CREEK (COULD BE WET). TAKE THE RIGHT FORK AFTER THE CREEK. GO THROUGH THE YELLOW GATE AT 2.5 MILES. LEAVE THE GATE CLOSED UNLESS A SIGN DIRECTS YOU TO DO OTHERWISE. FOR THOSE GPS WIZARDS,THE GATE COORDINATES ARE:N35 00.082 W119 50.084
TRAIL: MOST OF THE RIDE WILL TAKE PLACE ON PRIVATE LANDS THAT TRACE BACK TO THE OLD SPANISH LAND GRANTS. THE TRAIL IS MORE DIFFICULT THAN MOST XP RIDES AND RANGES FROM A CRUDE SINGLE TRACK TO DIRT ROADS. THERE WILL BE WIRE GATES TO OPEN AND CLOSE AS WE PASS THROUGH PRIVATE CATTLE COUNTRY. THE RIDE TAKES PLACE IN THE GRASSLANDS,OAK COVERED FOOTHILLS AND BRUSHY MOUNTAINS OF THE CALIFORNIA COASTAL RANGE. THE TRAIL HAS SOME ROCKY PORTIONS THAT SOME FEEL NECESSITATES THE USE OF HOOF PROTECTION. THE ELEVATION RANGES BETWEEN 1600 AND 5600 FEET. THE AREA IS HOME TO MOUNTAIN LION,BEAR,COYOTES AND AN OCCASIONAL FROZEN DUCK. THE TRAILS WIND THROUGH THE SAME ROLLING PASTURE LAND THAT HAVE SUPPORTED CATTLE SINCE THE DAYS OF THE CALIFORNIA VAQUEROS.
AWARDS: COMPLETION AWARDS WILL BE GIVEN TO ALL SUCCESSFUL HORSE AND RIDER TEAMS. HORSE AND RIDER TEAMS THAT COMPLETE ALL XP RIDES IN A SINGLE YEAR WILL RECEIVE THE SPECIAL EMBROIDERED XP JACKET AND BLANKET.
Ride Photographer: Lynne Glazer will be shooting this ride!
CUYAMA HISTORY:Local Information The Cuyama Valley is best known for its oil strike of the 40’s and 50’s. Richfield Oil Company was instrumental in the establishment of the town site as it is today. Yet Cuyama’s history dates much farther back and is significantly woven into the fabric of California history as a state and a territory. There are many pronunciations of the name “Cuyama”. Some of the more common mispronunciations are “Cay-u-ma”,“Kee-ah-ma,and “Koo-yah-mah”. The Duck’s favorite is “Nuke-yor-mama”. The proper pronunciation is “Kwee-ah-ma”,suspected to be Chumash for Valley of the Clams. There are,in fact,considerable deposits of fossilized marine sediment containing clam shells in and around the valley. The name can be documented on paper as far back as 1843 when the name Arroyo Llamado de Cuyam is mentioned and again in 1846 when the name Cuyama was given to two land grants. Some suggest it has its origins in the word Kuyam,meaning to rest,repose,sit and wait. Extensive deposits of fossilized marine sediment are found in the Cuyama Valley. These beds contain the fossilized remains of Ostrea titan,the huge oyster,Argo pecten,an early scallop,and Astrodapsis cuyamesis,an early sand dollar. The Astrodopsis cuyamesis takes its species name from the Cuyama Valley as this is the only place to date that fossilized remains can be found. These fossil beds can also be accessed through guided tours as many are on private land. In addition to early architecture,Cuyama Valley has many points of pre-California and prehistoric interest as well. The Chumash Indians were some of the earliest documented inhabitants of the valley. Extensive anthropological study of the valley estimates their population to have been as high as 1000 and 30,000 in their entire range. The Chumash were centrally based hunters and gatherers that traveled seasonally to resources,such as pinion nuts and antelope,and did not take part in agriculture. The Chumash inhabited the area for 13,000 years. The evidence of their presence appears as cave and rock paintings scattered throughout the Cuyama Valley and Carrizo Plains as well as stone artifacts commonly found in this area. The natural erosion process and vandalism have taken their toll and many of these sites are now under the auspices of the Nature Conservancy and the BLM. Guided tours are available locally for their viewing. Many of the Chumash village site artifacts collected from the Cuyama Valley are on display at the Natural History Museum in Santa Barbara. As you ride to the top of the mountain on the last day,you will be able to see the mountain ranges north of Santa Barbara where the mission was located. The Chumash Indians revolted many times under the repressive mission system and escaped from their Spanish captors and made it to this area. Their recapture in the San Joaquin Valley and arduous trip back thru Cuyama to the mission is a little known California version of the “trail of tears”. The old trails to the east of Hog Pen Springs were the main route back to the mission. In 1841,the Bartelson Party of wagon trains headed west from Missouri,using the route many of us traversed on the summer XP 2001. Among them was eighteen year old Nancy Kelsey and her husband Benjamin. They began their journey with sixty nine men,women and children. On November 4,1841,six months after beginning their journey,Benjamin Kelsey and John Bidwell led the remaining twenty-four emigrants across the Sierra Nevada Range into California. During the Bear Flag Revolt of 1846,Nancy Kelsey was chosen to create the flag for the California Republic. With designs of William Todd,a nephew of Abraham Lincoln,she fashioned the flag from a piece of unbleached muslin and a strip of red fabric from her petticoat. Her design is still flown today as the state flag of California. Throughout the years,Nancy and her husband traveled extensively. When Benjamin died in Los Angeles in 1888,Nancy,remembering the Cuyama Valley as one of her favorite places,applied for and received a government homestead of 160 acres in what is now Kelsey Canyon. She built a homestead cabin and began raising poultry. At regular intervals,she traveled by buckboard to Santa Maria to market fryers and setting hens. When Nancy neared death she was cared for by the family living nearby in Cottonwood Canyon. After her death a “real” coffin was brought from Santa Maria by buckboard as per her request and she was buried by the homestead she died at. Bonnie Goller now lives on that homestead and has graciously allowed us to pass through her private property on the ride. We will pass by the Nancy Kelsey grave site on the last day just before we enter Bates Canyon,on the climb to the top of the Sierra Madres. The Mexican land grants in the valley are relatively recent and date to the period just before California was taken over by the United States. After California was admitted to the Union,many smaller homesteads were granted in the area,including the one that you are camped on. The base camp is located in Schoolhouse Canyon,named for the first school in Cuyama Valley. That one room school was located in the north end of the camp pasture near the yellow gate. Old stone ruins remain along the fence line west of the gate. A second school was built in the 1930’s and was later used as the ranch house for the Spade ranch. Most of the later homesteads are in the brush covered foothills,while the old Mexican land grant was located in the lower country where the grazing would have been better. The town of New Cuyama is probably most famous,in current times for the Buckhorn Bar and restaurant. Established in 1953 by Richfield Oil,to service the new town and to provide a meeting and recreation place for its employees,it has come to be known in modern times for its great food and friendly atmosphere. The banquet room features “ Lamar’s Cabin”,named for Cuyama’s longest resident,Lamar Johnson. A mini museum,Lamars Cabin should be seen by anyone interested in the colorful history of Cuyama. In the two years following the initial oil strike,Cuyama’s oil fields boomed into fifth place among California’s oil areas in average daily production. Today,Hallador production is still involved in gas and oil production on the same location and is a major employer in the valley. The original land grant is now known as the Russell Ranch and runs from the area north of New Cuyama down to Cottonwood Canyon. Most of the open lands in the lower elevations are part of the ranch. It has been divided into large pastures so that the cattle can be moved from one pasture to another to make the best use of the feed. In most years,the cattle will be able to remain here in the valley on a permanent basis,but modern transportation now allows the flexibility to move them to summer pastures and some distant location during drought years,such as the present. The wild pigs are a fairly recent addition and have moved into the Schoolhouse and Deadman Canyon areas in the last few years. The pigs are not a native species but are descendants of domestic pigs,Spanish escapees and Russian pigs imported for hunting. The pigs can often be seen in the brushy areas along the river and have been seen recently near the windmill just north of the yellow gate. Much of the information in this paper was plagiarized from the menu at the Buckhorn Cafe in New Cuyama. The Buckhorn Cafe is now closed,however there are two other places to eat in town.